|Latin Name :||Pinus divaricata, Pinus banksiana|
|English Name :||Jack pine|
|French Name :||Pin gris|
History and Origin
Jack pine, a boreal medium-sized conifer, grows in sandy, gravely, and dry soils. It prefers limestone or clay soils and is abundantly found around Lake St. John. Among all types of pine, Jack pine presents the widest geographical distribution in North America. It is used in construction as well as for the production of paper pulp. Jack pine is nicknamed « son of fire » because he possesses the special feature to only spreadits seeds when the cones are exposed to intense temperatures during forest fires. And since its seeds can germinate within 10 days, jack pine easily beats competition. In some regions, it is mistaken for cypress, and it was notably reflected in the famous novel written by Louis Hémon, Maria Chapdeleine. On the medicinal level, Native people have different used for the tree, notably to heal cuts, resuscitate fainted people and clear congested respiratory tract.